Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a powerful force that is already reshaping our lives, environment, and interactions. It may be defined as a program whose aim is to produce human-like cognitive processes and potentially even improving on them. AI has many facets: it may be algorithmic as in game-playing programs or take a control-theoretic approach as in autonomous vehicles. It may also manifest itself as linguistic ability, creativity, spatial reasoning, learning, and many others. We are now recognizing that AI has begun to make huge inroads to Life Sciences, be it making discoveries from huge biological data using machine learning, combining health records and genomic data of various types, discovering new drugs or drug targets, finding new groups of cell types, making diagnosis, or customizing health procedures as in precision medicine.
There are numerous areas where the life science industry uses AI effectively today. The following sections describe six of those areas.